|Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association||Where to go in Istanbul|
|Oxford Dictionary of Turkce 2e, Oxford University Press, 2003, "Middle Ages" article• Constantinople: City of the World's Desire, 1453-1924||The First Turkish Republic: A Case Study in National Development|
History of the Later Roman Empire Vol.6
|3 June 2009 [Date mismatch] at||Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Department of Urban Transportation|
|Doeke Eisma with particular reference on the transitional climate of Istanbul Chapter 8 "Impact of Climatic Change on Coastal Cities" by Tjeerd Deelstra on page 174||Rainsford, Sarah 10 January 2009|
The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire.