العلاقات السعودية الامريكية. هل تقف العلاقات السعودية

Abstract : The study examined the most important regional changes and their impact on the US-Saudi relations during the period 2011-2016 , by reviewing the most important challenges in the region, from the outbreak of the Arab Spring revolutions through the Syrian crisis and the signing of the Iranian nuclear agreement and how both countries dealt with events It is clear that the period of study 2011-2016 witnessed the transition of the US-Saudi alliance to a new strategic stage that differs in its results from the oil-for-security alliance that took place in 1945• These events, which were not expected and started in the form of popular uprisings to confront corruption and fight against poverty and high price and demand for freedom and dignity and social justice to demand the overthrow of regimes described as corrupted and tyrannical
The importance of these revolutions comes not only within its internal protest framework but also because of its repercussions on the geopolitical map of the region and The balance of regional and global powers, and the resulting chaos and the deterioration of security conditions and stability crises, and in light of the liquidity experienced by the region following the waves of popular protest movement since 2011, which resulted in the fall of the regimes Such as in Egypt and Tunisia , the study seeks to determine the impact of these events on US-Saudi relations

On the other hand, there has been a shift in Saudi foreign policy from the policy of the shadow of calm and reliance on the umbrella of US security protection to the policy of confrontation and initiative and self-reliance to defend its national security and strategic interests under the policy of the US withdrawal from direct intervention in the issues of the region and driven by repeated disappointments of the American ally Under the Obama administration.

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العلاقات السعودية
The 11th of September 2001 was the most devastating event in the history of US-Saudi relations, with the advent of 2011, and in light of the political transformations and unprecedented events witnessed by the Arab region in the wake of mass revolutions demanding democratic reforms in the Arab world
توترٌ في العلاقات السعودية
In addition to this, the Kingdom has adopted a more flexible policy and diversified allies at the international level, especially with the major countries Russia and China , which are playing a major role in some regional issues such as the Syrian crisis and relying on functional alliances based on consensus in one case With other countries to achieve common interests regardless of the conflict of interests in other cases
العلاقات السعودية
The study concludes that despite differences and divergent attitudes of the US and Saudi Arabia towards a number of regional issues and crises during the study period 2011-2016 The Kingdom seeks to diversify allies at the international level, but this does not mean breaking the partnership between the US and Saudi sides or replacing an old friend with a new one
The two countries have managed to overcome deep crises and the historic relations between the two countries can overcome differences or any changes in the direction of the administration of any president, , And the continuity of relations governed by mutual interests on the economic side and military and security cooperation and huge arms deals and massive investments of Saudi Arabia in the United States prevent the break-up, although relations crystallize in a new form does not depend on dependency or dependence on the umbrella of US security protection, but is closer to mutual dependence and mutual benefits and interests and security relations with a strategic dimension Which affected the calculations of the regional powers, particularly Saudi Arabia
In some cases such as the Bahraini and Yemeni cases , US and Saudi interests were intertwined and in other files such as the Egyptian file and the Syrian file there was a deep contradiction in attitudes and divergence of interests, which created a high degree of tension and reached the degree of crisis at times and described by the Saudi side as US abandonment of its allies and Saudi partner in the region

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هل تقف العلاقات السعودية
العلاقات الأمريكية
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