Although the phrase “hedging” may appear like something your gardening-obsessed neighbour does, it is a helpful strategy that each trader should be mindful of when it comes to investing. Hedging in stock market is a technique to gain portfolio protection, which is frequently equally as essential as portfolio growth.

Hedging is a risk management technique that involves holding an opposing position in a similar asset to balance investment losses. Derivatives, including options and futures contracts, are commonly used in hedging strategies.

Hedging in Stock market acts as a form of protection against any unfavourable share market events that might impact your investments. We’re not claiming that hedging will eliminate the negative event from happening.

However, if you’re adequately hedged when it happens, the damage will be minimized. All around us, people are hedging their risks.

When you buy vehicle insurance, for instance, you’re protecting yourself against theft, unexpected accidents, and other unanticipated tragedies.


If you buy stocks of Abc Company, you may buy a put option to safeguard your investment from big downturns. Nevertheless, you must pay a premium to acquire an option.

Example – Hedging in Stock Market

As a result, minimizing risk usually means reducing eventual profits. Hedging is, for the most part, a strategy for reducing the risk of a loss (and not maximising potential gain).

You have generally decreased your potential profit if the asset you are hedging against earns money. If, on the other hand, the investment loses money and your hedge is effective, you will have decreased your damages in terms of money.

Who does Hedging?

Hedging strategies are used by portfolio managers, individual investors, and companies to minimize their exposure to numerous risks. Hedging in the stock market, on the other hand, isn’t as easy as paying an insurance firm a yearly fee for protection.

Hedging against investment risk is utilizing financial assets or market techniques in a planned manner to minimize the risk of unfavorable price movements. To put it another way, investors hedging one investment by trading in another one.

Hedging technically includes making offsetting trades in assets with negative correlations. You will, of course, have to pay for this form of protection in some way.

Hedging Strategies

The use of financial products termed as derivatives is common in hedging approaches. Options and futures are the 2 widely popular derivatives. You may use derivatives to create trading methods in which a loss in one investment is compensated by a gain in another.

Assume you hold Heromoto corp stock (symbol: Heromoto). Despite your long-term confidence in the firm, you are concerned about certain short-term losses in the Auto sector.

To hedge against a drop in Heromoto, you may purchase a put option on the stock, which gives you the right to sell Heromoto at a certain price (also called the strike price). A married put is the name for this approach.

If the stock price falls beyond the strike price, the put option profits will compensate for the losses.

Other Ideas

Assume Heromoto is concerned about the price of steel fluctuating. If the price of steel were to soar, the company would be in serious threat since it would have a significant influence on their earnings.

Hero can enter into a futures contract to protect himself against the volatility of steel prices. Now, the hero can plan his budget without having to worry about the price of steel shifting.

This hedging approach will pay off if the price of steel rises over the price set by the futures contract, because Hero will save funds by paying the cheaper price.

If the price falls, however, the hero is still required to pay the contract price, and they would have been better off not hedging this risk.

Things to Keep in mind

Things to Keep in Mind – Hedging in Stock Market

Each hedging technique has a price element attached to it. So, before you decide to utilize hedging, consider if the possible advantages surpass the cost.

Remember that the purpose of hedging is to safeguard against losses, not to make money. It’s impossible to escape the expense of hedging, whether it’s the cost of an option or lost earnings from being on the wrong side of a futures contract.

While comparing hedging to insurance is appealing, insurance is considerably more reliable. You are fully reimbursed for your loss if you have insurance. Portfolio hedging isn’t an exact science.

It is quite easy for things to go wrong. While risk managers desire for the flawless hedge, achieving it in practise is extremely challenging.

Hedging for Retail Investor

A derivative contract is never traded by the bulk of investors. Many buy-and-hold investors, in reality, overlook short-term swings entirely. Hedging is pointless for these investors since they let their investments develop in line with the broader market. So, why should you learn about hedging?

Even if you never use hedges in your personal portfolio, you should know how they operate. Many large corporations and financial funds will hedge their bets in some way.

Oil firms, for example, may use derivatives to protect themselves against rising oil prices. A foreign currency rate hedge might be provided by an international mutual fund.

Evaluating and analysing these assets will be easier if you have a basic knowledge of hedging.

Hedging in Forex market

A forex hedge is a deal entered into by a currency trader with the goal of safeguarding a current or projected position against an unfavourable change in foreign currency exchange rates.

Forex Market in India

A trader who is long a foreign currency pair may safeguard themselves from downside risk by correctly employing a forex hedge, whereas a trader who is short a foreign currency pair can safeguard themselves from upside risk by effectively utilising a forex hedge.


Risk is a necessary, yet hazardous, aspect of investment. Having a fundamental understanding of hedging techniques will lead to a greater understanding of how investors and firms strive to safeguard themselves, irrespective of the type of investor one aspires to be.

This is all from our side regarding hedging in stock market. Although, if you have any doubts you can just comment below.

Other Interesting blogs related to hedging in stock market:

What is F&O

What is Expiry Date in Indian Stock Market

Types of Derivatives Market


Hedging strategies?

Hedging is a risk assessment technique that involves holding an opposing position in a linked asset to balance investment losses. Hedging generally results in a loss in prospective earnings due to the reduction in risk it provides. Derivatives, such as options and futures contracts, are commonly used in hedging measures.

What is hedging in stock market in hindi?

हेज एक निवेश है जो किसी परिसंपत्ति में प्रतिकूल मूल्य आंदोलनों के जोखिम को कम करने के इरादे से किया जाता है। आम तौर पर, एक बचाव में संबंधित सुरक्षा में एक ऑफसेट या विपरीत स्थिति लेना शामिल होता है।

Hedging meaning with example?

Hedging is a risk management strategy that entails taking a counter-position in a similar asset to offset investment losses. Hedging techniques frequently employ derivatives, such as options and futures contracts.You can buy a put option on Abc Companys stock to protect your investment against large downturns. However, you will have to pay a fee to obtain such an option.As a result, lowering risk typically means lowering profits in the long run. For the most part, hedging is a method for lowering the chance of a loss and not maximising potential gain.

Hedging meaning in Forex

A forex hedge is a transaction used to safeguard an existing or projected position against unfavourable exchange rate movements. A person who is long a foreign currency pair or expects to be in the future via a transaction can be safeguarded from downside risk by correctly utilizing a forex hedge.

Equity hedging strategies

Equity hedge is a hedge fund investing technique that aims to provide equity-like returns while reducing the influence of price fluctuations and negative market movements on an investors portfolio. To accomplish this aim, managers use long and short positions, typically in equities and equity-related securities.

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